Pediatrics

  • by
    This meta-analysis assessed prevalence and trends in measured overweight and obesity among children across Europe from 1999 to 2016.
  • by
    This systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal and cross-sectional studies examines the association between electronic cigarette use and marijuana use in people aged 10 to 24 years.
  • by
    This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial assesses the association of a high-dose vitamin D supplementation in pregnant women with enamel defects and caries in their offspring.
  • by
    Exposure to tobacco is the leading preventable cause of disease and death in the United States and as such was noted in the recent US Surgeon General’s report, “The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress”: “The epidemic of smoking-caused disease in the 20th century ranks among the greatest public health catastrophes of the […]
  • by
    To the Editor In their study, Spector et al reported a 28% increase in the embryonal tumors rate in children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF) compared with children naturally conceived. Most of this risk increase was owing to hepatic tumors, predominantly hepatoblastoma. The authors hypothesized that part of the risk excess observed could be […]
  • by
    This cluster randomized clinical trial examines the rate at which a tobacco use cessation program implemented in pediatric offices convinces parents who currently smoke to quit.
  • by
    Environmental epidemiology is a field replete with controversies, but the intensity of the debate inspired by the fluoridation of municipal water supplies to reduce dental caries is perhaps unrivaled. Governments, as well as individuals, differ in their assessments of water fluoridation as public policy. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention consider water fluoridation […]
  • by
    The decision to publish this article was not easy. Given the nature of the findings and their potential implications, we subjected it to additional scrutiny for its methods and the presentation of its findings. The mission of the journal is to ensure that child health is optimized by bringing the best available evidence to the […]
  • by
    To the Editor We read with great interest the recent article by Faith et al that investigated infant temperament in association with subsequent obesity in young children of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The authors reported a positive association between elevated soothability and early childhood obesity risk.
  • by
    In Reply We thank Karina and Zhou for their interest in our study. We followed up infants who were exposed to gestational diabetes in utero and showed that high infant soothability was associated with a 2-fold higher odds of subsequent child obesity while accounting for numerous potential confounders that were evaluated during prenatal and early […]

Author Interviews